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how to set up a guinea pig cage

Guinea pigs (also referred to as cavies) are domesticated for over 3,000 years. In fact, statues and other archeological findings within the Andean region of South America, where they originate, date them as living side-by-side with humans even longer than that. We've had a few years to find out about guinea pigs and their needs, especially when it involves fixing a healthy lebensraum for them.Read more about best guinea pig cage.




The Basic Guinea Pig Cage Setup


From a health perspective, the right enclosure space must meet a couple of requirements to make sure your guinea pig can thrive. One is space. consistent with Javier Nevarez, DVM, PhD, DACZM, DECZM, and professor of zoological medicine at the Louisiana State University School of medicine , guinea pig cages should be a minimum of ­two feet wide by three feet long. The cage’s floor space is vital , because guinea pigs don't make the maximum amount use of vertical space as other small rodents do, consistent with the Humane Society. And lookout to not use a wire bottom cage. “The cage should have a solid bottom to avoid damage to their feet,” Nevarez says.


While glass aquariums and plastic tubs might meet the dimensions requirements, Nevarez says they're better avoided, as they limit ventilation. “The cage are often open top if there are not any other pets within the house (dogs and cats), or it can have a solid plastic bottom with a wire cage top,” says Nevarez. “If open top, the cage should be a minimum of 8-10 inches tall.”


Temperature Control


Nevarez recommends keeping cages faraway from windows to avoid overheating and drafts. Because guinea pigs can't sweat, their enclosure shouldn't be placed where there is a risk of overheating, like a heat vent or direct sunlight, which might be fatal.


Stocking Up Your Guinea Pig's New Home



Once you've got the proper space for your guinea pig, your next goal is to form sure it seems like a home. Nevarez recommends adding a guinea pig house so your guinea pig can hide and rest as required .


Because guinea pigs produce large amounts of very strong urine which will soak into their skin on their feet and cause ulceration, Nevarez emphasizes the importance of keeping cages clean – which suggests cleaning the cage and removing waste daily.



You will also need safe guinea pig bedding. “Cedar and pine bedding should be avoided due to the danger of tract irritation from inhaling dust and oils related to wood bedding and/or impaction from ingesting it,” says Nevarez. “The best substrate is soft recycled paper products and newspaper.”



To avoid contamination and to form sure the water stays clean, water should be offered during a drinking bottle rather than a water dish. “The bottle must be monitored daily to make sure the pet is drinking and therefore the water isn't leaking, as guinea pigs are very susceptible to dehydration,” Nevarez says.


Avoiding Stress for Your Guinea Pig


“Avoid loud and sudden noises and anything that seems to agitate them,” Nevarez says. “Most owners quickly learn to acknowledge the noises they create , including those related to being scared.


Guinea pigs are often susceptible to stress, therefore the cage should be placed in a neighborhood where there's not tons of noise or traffic. One good option is placing the enclosure during a room that's visited regularly but that does not have constant traffic. a touch hide box, like an the wrong way up cardboard box with a door cut in one side, within the cage also will help control stress, he said, as your guinea pig can then hide and feel safe.Pet owner Matt Kovacs got two guinea pigs for his daughter, Audrey, two years ago. Dottie and Kathy, named after Audrey's grandmothers, sleep in a wire cage with a green hideout structure.Read best guinea pig cage here.


“We put Kathy and Dottie in Audrey’s play room, in order that they would get views throughout the space and out the front window to the surface world,” says Kovacs. “The cage is on top of a desk to supply quick access once they are taken bent play, also on give them the simplest views.” make certain that if you employ a wire cage, however, that the ground is solid, in order that the pets don’t develop sores on their feet from pressure on the wire, which the wire doesn’t contain metals, like zinc, which guinea pigs can become sick from chewing on.



Play Time for Guinea Pigs


Because guinea pigs are more sedate and fewer likely to run away than other rodents, they are doing rather well during play time outside their cage—but that does not mean they will be left unsupervised. “Ours watch TV with my wife, Becky, and Audrey within the morning, along side our bulldog Lulu,” says Kovacs. “They also get to play on the carpet within the playroom, also as on a wooden ramp structure that's movable.” Get more facts about guinea pig cage at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9X_1WoG9dDU



The Kovacs also created an outside enclosure for his or her guinea pigs, which is formed of wire fencing that encloses the guinea pigs safely as they explore the grass and flower beds. If you let your guinea pigs outside, make certain that they need shade and water to stop overheating which they're shielded from wild predators like hawks, foxes, coyotes, and neighbor’s dogs and cats.